Rotary vane pumps are types of positive displacement pumps. In a cylindrical housing, the rotor is positioned eccentrically on the shaft so the rotor is positioned near the top of the cylinder. Rotor blades are positioned into numerous rotor slots. When the rotor starts turning, centrifugal force causes the blades to be thrown out and slide against the internal surface of the cylinder. A cell is formed between two blades with a volume that changes constantly during rotation. Air enters from the inlet port into a cell until the rear blade reaches the inlet port, at this point the cell has achieved its maximum air volume.
As the air cell then moves away from the port, its volume becomes smaller and smaller. The air is compressed and the pressure rises. This continues until the pressure in the cell exceeds that in the pressure chamber. The air then exits through the outlet port.
Some models are fitted with exhaust valves that stop the backflow of this discharged air if the maximum pressure has been reached. In a rotary vane vacuum pump, the process is similar, but the air cell gives decreasing pressure and the chamber is at atmospheric pressure.
Rotary vane pumps and compressors are used for a broad range of applications. Thomas miniature rotary vane pumps are used in compression therapy, electrocardiogram, gas sampling, gas detection, water analysis, medical diagnostics, inkjet printing, and vacuum pick and place.
The larger pumps and compressors from the PICOLINO series are used for vacuum handling, air and gas sampling & analyzers, lab instrumentation and automation, food & beverage packing, medical devices.