Current Region: Montenegro (EN)
Molten / Liquid Sulphur is loaded to a road tanker or rail wagon via a top hatch located on top of the tank. At Emco Wheaton, the safe and efficient loading of sulphur is the key. We specialize in designing and manufacturing custom-built molten sulphur top loading arms.
We offer a range of chemical loading arms that can be used to load/unload virtually any type of container; from single compartment trailer trucks, to multi-compartment railcars. Enter the product tabs below to learn more about the different types of Emco Wheaton Loading Arms!
Emco Wheaton offers a range of accessories to help you further customize and enhance your chemical loading arm. From heated steam jackets and breakaway couplers, to pneumatic and hydraulic handling systems; we can provide you with the equipment you need to improve the safety, performance, and handling of your chemical loading arms. Request a quote to get a loading solution designed specifically to meet your business needs!
Availability of different seal materials:
Sulphur Loading is a critical application due to its physical properties and very sensitive temperature variations.
Temperatures need to be maintained between 126⁰C-155⁰C (258ºF-311ºF) for the sulphur to stay in its molten form, allowing it to be smoothly loaded in the tanker/rail wagon. If the temperature rises above 160⁰C, viscosity increases, reducing sulphur’s fluidity and making difficult to load into the tank.
If the temperature goes below 120⁰C (320ºF), the sulphur freezes and solidifies,resulting in blockage of the loading arm, piping, etc. Since the Sulphur is a very poor conductor of heat, once solidified, it is very difficult to melt. For this reason, a loading arm requires a continuous heating solution to maintain temperature during the loading process.
HEATING SOLUTION / Steam Jacketed Loading Arms / Unloading Arms
Emco Wheaton offers various heating solutions such as steam jacketed and electrical heat tracing. Based on Emco Wheaton’s extensive global experience and feedback from our customers, Emco Wheaton’s preferred solution is steam jacketed tracing.
VAPOUR RECOVERY: (H2S) / Molten Sulphur Loading arms with a vapour line
Sulphur loading emits Hydrogen Sulphide Gas (H2S) when loaded into a tanker / rail wagon. During the loading process, vapour is recovered and vented to the atmosphere through a stack or an incinerator. Emco Wheaton’s loading arms are equipped with a vapour recovery line that utilizes a hose or a rigid pipeline. Based on our experience we would recommend you use a rigid pipeline that can be heated and without sulphur particles sticking to the pipe’s surface.
When hoses are not properly heated, they become stiff, and cannot be properly aligned along the loading arm. This makes maneuvering the loading arm difficult. This situation presents a high risk of sulphur particles getting crystallized inside the hose and eventually blocking or damaging the hose.
VOLUME CONTROL AND OVERFILL SAFETY / Loading arms with an electronic overfill probe
Sulphur loading volume is controlled via a weighing scale or metering. In general, a weighing scale is preferred as a primary shutoff solution. An overfill probe is installed on the drop tube of the loading arms as a secondary shutoff to avoid any over spillage in case the weighing scale/metering fails to shut off the valve. The secondary overfill device signals are connected to the Emco Wheaton control system which can also shut off the valve.
Sulphur tankers or rail wagons normally do not have overfill protection, however Emco Wheaton loading arms are equipped with an electronic overfill probe; either a tuning fork or a capacitance type. Based on customer requirements, we can include two probes for the HHL and HL loading arms.
MANEUVERING OF LOADING ARMS: HPU & CONTROL SYSTEM
Safe operation of the loading arm is very important due to its heated surface and the steam around the loading station. Since loading arms are heavy due to steam jacketing and the vapour cone, we recommend maneuvering loading arms by way of hydraulic actuation.
Emco Wheaton provides a Hydraulic Power Pack to operate the loading arms. We provide a PLC based power pack combined with the control system to monitor and control the loading arm & loading process.
The control system receives input signals from the overfill probe, grounding device, parking sensors, temperature sensors, and loading valve (shut off) positions. The system provides one permissive load signal to operate the pump and loading valve. The system can also provide or replicate the signals to the customer’s DCS.
The control panel includes status lamps, pushbuttons, emergency shut down and alarm lamps. Also, the control panel can be customized as per customer/project requirements.